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Rose Color Meanings - Symbolism, Number, and History.

Many people wonder what rose flower meanings, color, numbers, and symbolism of giving a specific amount of them means. These factors are deeply rooted in history; choosing the color of your roses and the number you give makes a difference in the message you’re trying to send.

Rose Color Meanings

You can find out here if you’ve wondered which color rose to give for each occasion, how many to give, and what it symbolizes to give them. This will help you choose the best rose flower bouquet to express yourself no matter what you want to say!


Rose Meanings: The Language of Flowers

According to the Greeks, roses originated from Adonis, the mortal lover of the goddess Aphrodite. He was born from a deceptive union between King Theias and his daughter Myrrha. But when the king realized that Myrrha had tricked him, he gave chase with a sword in hand. Aphrodite helped protect Myrrha by turning her into a tree.

In his anger, the king shot the tree with an arrow which split it in half. That’s how Adonis was born from the tree. Aphrodite took him in and raised him as her own. He grew up to be a hunter, and one day, he came across one of Aphrodite’s former lovers, Ares, in the form of a wild boar. The boar attacked Adonis, and Aphrodite heard his cries, running to him to find him at death’s door. His blood had turned into roses when it touched the ground.

Another version has it that Aphrodite’s feet were cut on the thorns of the roses and turned red. Whatever you believe, roses are most commonly thought of with love and all things romantic. The colors and the number of them given will also change their meaning so they can be given for many occasions.


What Does a Rose Symbolize?

The rose is such a gorgeous flower. It has been the subject of sonnets and famed words from the greats like Shakespeare. When you give a rose, it can symbolize several things. It depends on your color and how many roses you choose to give. Generally, though, rose flowers can convey the following things:











What Does The Color of Roses Mean?

The color of the rose you give can signify many things without uttering a word. If you’re unsure of what color rose to select for a bouquet for someone, this guide can help you choose wisely.


Red Roses

Red roses most commonly mean love and passion. However, they can also mark bravery and send a congratulatory message, just like when you see them give a blanket of red roses to the winner of thoroughbred racing in Kentucky. They make a solid and lasting impression of beauty and are the iconic rose color for showing love.

Eternal True Love

Passionate Affection & Desire

Beauty & Purity

Appreciation & True respect

Read more about red rose meanings.

Red Rose Meanings
Burgundy Rose Meanings

Deep Red Burgundy Roses

Another vibrant color for roses is burgundy, dark red flowers expressing deep devotion. They are also slightly different, making them more unique than giving red roses to express your intense adoration.

Deep Passion & Desire

Undying Love & Adoration

Unconscious Beauty & Affection

Commitment & Deep Devotion


White Roses

White roses, one of the oldest varieties, can mean various things, from purity and innocence to reverence and worthiness. Brides and even the Pope wear white, symbolizing this pure and loyal innocence. You can give white roses to bring peace to those grieving as well.

Youthfulness, Innocence, Genuine Purity

Spiritual Peace, Unity, Reverence

Everlasting Love, Grace, Eternal loyalty

Read more about white rose meanings.

White Rose Meanings
Light Pink Rose Meanings

Light Pink or Pale Roses

Light pink is a cheerful color of rose flower that is elegant and conveys sweet happiness, romance, admiration, and can say “thanks” too. You’ll often see them in bridal arrangements, in bouquets giving thanks, and for affection. The palest of pink roses is a gesture of gentle grace, while light to medium pink is great for sympathy or admiration.

Platonic Love

Purity and Innocence

Romance and Sweetness

Femininity and Elegance

Gentleness and Grace

Sympathy and Admiration

Read more about pink rose meanings.


Deep Pink Roses

Giving someone a deep pink rose is a beautiful gesture of gratitude. Deep pink is a lovely color of rose to give your mother for Mother’s Day. You can give them to a teacher or someone that has made a remarkable impact on your life.

Romantic Love

Appreciation and Recognition

Gratitude and Admiration

Joy and Happiness

Dark Pink Rose Meaning
Yellow Rose Flower Meanings

Yellow Roses

Yellow is a cheerful color that conveys friendship, caring, joy, or welcome as a rose. Germans believe they symbolize dying love, but the more traditional belief is that they mean friendship and happiness.

Friendship and Happyness

Remembrance and Caring

Apology and Forgiveness

Celebration and Joy


Peach Roses

Pretty peach roses are an ideal gesture of appreciation or gratitude. They have a sincere quality to them and pleasing color. You can give these to thank someone or show a friend how much you miss them.

Youth and Innocence

Sincerity and Genuineness

Sympathy and Friendship

Modesty and Gratitude

Peach Rose Meanings
Ivory Rose Flower Meanings

Ivory Roses

The ivory rose is so elegant, graceful, and luxurious. This creamy color is divine; it adds more luxury to others. You will want to choose ivory to create an elegant bouquet for a special occasion.

Gracefulness and Charm

Thoughtfulness and Caring

Perfection and Luxury

Elegance and Beauty


Orange Roses

Orange is where you find yourself when you want to cross between the red rose's passion and the yellow rose's friendship. These vibrant roses have a cheerful appearance that is quite alluring. You’ll want to send these when you want to take something to the next level by expressing your desire and enthusiasm.

Unconventional Love

Fascination, Passion, and Desire

Enthusiasm and Energy

Excitement and Admiration

Power, Health, and Confidence

Orange Rose Meaning
Purple Rose Flower Meanings

Purple Roses

Purple roses symbolize royalty, peace, and spiritual enlightenment. A dark purple rose can be ideal for those that love this color for an exquisite, elegant, and fun gift to share your joy. Some say that when you get a purple rose from someone, they have fallen for you at first sight. This lovely color conveys a deep love and admiration that will surely surprise them!

Royalty and Majesty

Romance and Passion

Love at first sight

Fascination and Admiration

Spiritual Enlightenment and Peace

Creativity and Elegance


Coral Roses

This color of rose expresses desire and happiness. You can use it to thank someone or remind them that you still want them. This sunrise-like hue is enthusiastic and exciting, which dares to be different from other love colors.

Enthusiasm and Desire

Gratitude and Happiness

Spirited and Engaging

Joy and Optimism

Coral Rose Meanings
Green Rose Flower Meanings

Green Roses

Yes, there are green roses. And because they’re so unusual, they may be perfect for you to give to show fertility, freedom, renewal, and new beginnings. They were first cultivated in the 17th century. They were once used to signify part of the Underground Railroad. But today, they are the color of spring and an excellent symbol for those new starts in life.

Hope and Fertility

Rebirth and Rejuvenation

New Beginnings in Life

Inner Peace and Balance

Good Fortune and Growth


Light Blue Roses

Blue roses are rare, so light blue may be the way to show calm and peaceful feelings. If someone is dealing with a hard time, a bouquet of light blue roses may be a soothing and comforting gift that is original and unique.

Sensitivity and Calmness

Peace and Tranquility

Trustworthiness and Reliability

Loyalty and Devotion

Light Blue Rose Meaning
Deep Blue Rose Meanings

Deep Blue Roses

Blue roses are merely variations, and they could show that you think they are unattainable. But if someone likes to be different, this could be the perfect expression that lets them have the beauty of a rose in an unusual color.

Mystery and A Dream Come True

True Love and Inspiration

Imagination and Creativity

Attaining the impossible


Black Roses

Although the darkest reds give it that black appearance, there is no such thing as a true black rose. Some say it symbolizes death for relationships or ideas though others suggest it could be the rebirth or a new beginning. They’re undoubtedly mysterious and different!

Obsessive Love and Tragic Romance

Death and Mourning

Power and Mystery

Positive Rebirth and Hope

Courage and Confidence

Black Rose Meaning

What Does The Number of Roses Mean?

The number has much to say when you give roses and the color you choose. Use this guide to help you know how many roses you should send!

  • One rose symbolizes love at first sight.
  • Two roses say you are deeply in love with the person you give them to.
  • Three roses tell them you love them, loud and clear.
  • Six roses mean you want them to be yours, which is ideal when you’re dating and want to take things to a new level.
  • Seven roses signify your infatuation.
  • Eight roses support a friend or family member going through a great deal.
  • Nine roses mean eternal love. You give this number when you want to spend your life with that person.
  • Twelve roses are for someone you love and a way to ask them to be with you.
  • Twenty-one roses provide a symbol of commitment.
  • Twenty-four roses: Give them this number of rose flowers, and let them know they are always on your mind.
  • Thirty-six roses remind you of your love of all those romantic moments.
  • Fifty roses are nothing short of pure and unwavering love.
Number of Roses Meaning

Rose Spiritual Meanings

When fully blooming, a rose symbolizes spiritual enlightenment. And the thorns represent the struggles that help us learn and adapt.

People from some cultures associated the rose flower with goddesses. The Greeks associated roses with Aphrodite, the goddess of love; the Egyptians associated it with Isis, and Christians associate the Virgin Mary with roses.

The Persians and Turks cultivated roses for centuries before the Crusades happened in the Middle East. In contrast to the bloody battles, the knights would return beautiful roses home to Europe.

Muslims feel roses have spiritual meanings and come from drops of Mohammad’s sweat that fell to the ground. Likewise, Christians thought they came from the blood of Jesus and the Virgin Mary.

Roses Meanings in Different Cultures

Around the world, different cultures have different meanings for roses. Head to Catalonia in Spain on April 23rd for St. George's Day, when people give red roses to their partners to show love.

In Italy, you can give red roses as a sign of love and passion. Additionally, roses in even-numbered bouquets mean mourning and are used for funerals and grieving. White roses are given for condolences in Germany, which is also true in many other places. In Wales, they are used on the graves of young children.

Over in South Korea, they have Rose Day, much like Valentine’s Day, and it is held on May 14th, and couples give roses to each other to show love and devotion. And in Japan, white roses are a pure gesture of innocence and silence. Meanwhile, red roses show strong love, passion, and romance.

Roses Throughout The Ages/History

Throughout history, roses have been highly coveted. They likely began in Asia nearly 5,000 years ago. Even Confucius mentions them in his writings of the Imperial Gardens from 500 B.C. There were also hundreds of books on roses in the emperor’s library. At the time of the Han Dynasty, gardeners were cultivating beautiful roses.

During the Roman Empire, the emperors would shower guests with rose petals at epic dinner gatherings. Since roses can also mean confidential secrecy, they’d hang them on the ceilings to remind attendees that anything said while drunk with wine under the roses was to stay a secret. That’s how we have the term “sub rosa,” which means “under the rose.”

Created by the Greeks Aphrodite, the Romans enhanced this flower to show beauty and love. In Ancient Egypt, rose petals were found in many of the tombs. There were paintings of roses in the tomb of Thutmose IV, a pharaoh of the 18th dynasty.

Roses were also a symbol of the civil wars in the 15th century in England. The red rose was for the House of Lancaster, and the House of York used the white rose. Then years later, both colors of the rose flower were included in one symbol. And roses were also treasured in the West. We still think of it when we inhale roses' lovely aromas.

Frequently Asked Questions for Rose Color Meanings

Frequently Asked Questions

Which rose color can express your sentiments? These FAQ questions should clear up the mystery behind them.

Q. What color rose to express love?

A. Red is the iconic color of love for roses, embodying everything that makes for a phenomenal love story. It conveys passion, desire, and true love, so it is always the most popular flower to give on Valentine’s Day.

Q. What color of rose means death?

A. While black roses are such a dark red that they appear black, they are neither here nor there. Giving black roses can symbolize death and send a goodbye message. However, it represents rebirth, turning a negative into a positive frame of mind.

Q. What color of rose means “I miss you”?

A. If you miss someone and want to tell them, a bouquet of roses is a beautiful idea. Pink, peach, or cream colors are the ideal way to say this. You can give them in any color or arrange them to show how you feel.

Q. What color of rose mean friendship?

A. If you want to show a friend they are everything to you, you should send yellow roses. They symbolize joy and friendship. The warm and cheerful color shows that you care and express love in a non-romantic way. Once upon a time, these meant jealousy in the Victorian era, but today, yellow roses are synonymous with friendship, joy, and caring.

Q. What color of rose means sadness?

A. Several colors of roses could show sadness. Black is one of the most common ways, particularly in the West. It shows remorse, sorrow, and mourning. But another way that may be easier to find is by sending medium pink roses, which can show grieving.

Q. What color of rose means “I’m sorry”?

A. You will want to choose either red or yellow to apologize. Red is best to apologize for romantic love, like a spouse or significant other. Yellow is better for a friend or family member, so you can say you’re sorry with your words and back it up with a bouquet.

Q. What color of rose means forgiveness?

A. Again, yellow roses come to the rescue. If you desire forgiveness from a friend, give them yellow roses to show them you mean what you say when you apologize for something wrong.

Q. What color of rose means peace?

A. The purest color, white, is the best one to convey peace. White roses mean purity and innocence. They are also chosen for bridal arrangements because they represent young love and eternal loyalty. You don’t need to be married to have white roses, but you should choose them to create peace in your space.

Q. What color of rose means hope?

A. White roses also give hope and symbolize a fresh start for the future. You can give them at graduations and other happy occasions to send your best wishes and thoughts for their journey.

Q. What color of rose is for healing?

A. You can send medium pink roses if someone is on the mend from being ill or recovering from surgery. These are wonderful for cheering up someone who is improving and helping you express this sentiment sweetly.

Q. What color of rose means “get well soon”?

A. Any cheerful color will say “get well soon” when giving roses. The brightest flowers are best for this message. Yellow roses are an ideal bouquet to send. Their bright color and beautiful aroma will make anyone feel better.

Conclusion: What is the Symbolism of a Rose?

As you can see, the rose holds so much symbolism in its petals, and it will depend on the colors you choose and the number of roses you send to that person. As such, roses can express love, friendship, sympathy, joy, condolences, congratulations, and every sentiment.

Knowing how many roses to send is also important, though if you have someone who loves a particular color of rose, don’t let its meaning stop you. Send them their favorite color in a bouquet today, even for no reason.

The beauty of roses is that we can use them in many ways to make a statement without saying a word. Not everyone can find the right words to say how they feel, so you let them speak for you in the most beautiful and spectacular ways when you choose roses.

More resources about rose color meanings:







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